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For a suitable donation, a question could be put to the Pythia and an answer obtained from Apollo. Since the words of the Pythia were hard to understand, the priests attending her wrote up the answer in verse and delivered it to the petitioner. The answers were legendarily obscure or ambiguous -- the source of the modern of meaning of "oracular," which is precisely to be obscure or ambiguous.
One example of the kinds of answers Delphi gave occurred when King Croesus of Lydiaof legendary wealth, sought advice on the attack against Persia he was contemplating. But he was a cautious ruler, and sent a question to Delphi, asking what would happen if he attacked the Persians. Delphi already had such a reputation.
The answer that the Pythia delivered was that if Croesus attacked Cyrus, "a great kingdom will fall. He had no idea who he was dealing with, and was defeated very swiftly indeed.
Lydia became part of Persia in The former king was sent home to live in retirement, where he had the leisure to write back to Delphi and complain that he had been misled. The priests answered his letter, telling him that what they had said was perfectly accurate.
A great kingdom had indeed fallen, namely his. Croesus might have worried which kingdom the god had referred to. Another example came when the Persians invaded Greece in King Xerxes wished to avenge the defeat of his father, Darius, at the battle of Marathon in I had a student once who worked at the "Phidippides Sports Center," a sports supply store in Encino, California.
This was named after the messenger who is supposed to have run back to Athens to report the defeat of the Persians. Unfortunately, Phidippides dropped dead once he had blurted out, "Victory is ours. The distance of a Marathon run is As it happens, the distance from Marathon to Athens is more like 19 miles 30 km.
Indeed, Phidippides may not have done the run at all. He or "Philippides" is mentioned by Herodotus as running to Sparta from Athens before the battle to ask for helpbut there is no account of the run from Marathon for many centuries.
Others fled the city. Unfortunately, after the Persians had flanked and eliminated the Spartans atThermopylae "Hot gates," i. Athens, however, had just built a new fleet, under the command of Themistocles.
He figured that the "walls of wood" meant the ships and that he should try and bring the Persians to action. He drew them into an attack in the narrow waters between the island of Salamis where most Athenians had fled and the mainland. Here the large Persian fleet could not deploy to advantage, and the Athenians started getting the better of the fight.
Xerxes, observing from a headland, was apoplectic. Now, without a dangerous and humiliating march overland, his army was stranded in Greece, short of supplies. The Greeks allowed for the attrition of a whole year, and then the Spartans attacked and destroyed the remaining Persian force at Plataea, in Themistocles had interpreted the Oracle correctly.
This was the last Persian effort to invade Greece. Despite the leadership of the Spartans, the key to victory had been in the Athenian fleet.
This made the fortunes of Athens for some time. Some scholarly comment has been that Athens became disillusioned with Delphi because it had favored Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, patronizing instead another oracle of Apollo at Delos.
So when Socrates mentions Delphi, this actually adds to the things that are provoking the jury. A French team began to excavate Delphi in They were disappointed with what they found, and their results only slowly became public. InFrench archaeologist Pierre Amandry asserted that there was no active volcanism near Delphi and that the fumes described in the ancient sources were impossible [William J.
I could imagine that perhaps the room had been in a secret location -- still secret -- or it was destroyed by the priests of Apollo when the temple was shut down, under the Emperor Theodosius I in Many sanctuaries of temples were destroyed by their own devoted priests, lest they be desecrated by Christians.One of Plato's ideas that I find of particular relevance today is the role of the father and son.
He seemed to insinuate that the son's life success is dependent on the father's influence. Socrates Plato S And Aristotle S Ideas Still Affect Us Today Socrates: Socrates was born in Athens about BC and lived until BC, he was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher and is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy.
Adam Kirsch on Descartes, Leibniz, Spinoza, and Anthony Gottlieb’s follow-up to “The Dream of Reason.”. Metaphysics / Philosophy of Education: Discussion on Educational Philosophy, Teaching Philosophy, Truth and Reality - Famous Philosophers (Albert Einstein, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Michel de Montaigne, Aristotle, Plato) Quotes Quotations on Education, Educational Philosophy, Teaching Philosophy.
Plato, his most famous student, worshiped Socates and was the primary author of his life and times. Plato would go on to cite Socrates in his future works and with future students, such as Aristotle.
The influence of Socrates on modern society is also another factor that is hard to measure. A Socratic perspective on the relationship between ignorance, human evil, and the examined life.