Khrushcheva The behavior of many Western democracies' leaders could do as much damage to the international order as the ongoing migration crisis or even a trade war. Beyond the cruelty of their policies, they risk strengthening governments like those in China and Russia, as it makes them seen reasonable, even reliable. Such disputes, if they continue to escalate, will hurt people all over the world — not least US consumers, businesses, and workers.
Background[ edit ] Authoritarian leaders are commonly referred to as autocratic leaders. They sometimes, but not always, provide clear expectations for what needs to be done, when it should be done, and how it should be done.
There is also a clear divide between the leader and the followers. Authoritarian leaders uphold stringent control over their followers by directly regulating rules, methodologies, and actions.
Authoritarian leaders construct gaps and build distance between themselves and their followers with the intention of stressing role distinctions. It is often used in present-day when there is little room for error, such as construction jobs or manufacturing jobs.
Lewin also found that it is more difficult to move from an authoritarian style to a democratic style than from a democratic form to an authoritarian form of leadership.
Abuse of this style is usually viewed as controlling, bossy and dictatorial. Authoritarian leadership is best applied to situations where there is little time for group discussion. This theory proposes that it is a leaders role to coerce and control followers, because people have an inherent aversion for work and will abstain from it whenever possible.
Theory X also postulates that people must be compelled through force, intimidation or authority, and controlled, directed, or threatened with punishment in order to get them to accomplish the organizational needs.
Always explain rules- it allows your subordinates to complete the task you want done efficiently. Be consistent- if you are to enforce rules and regulations, make sure to do so regularly so your subordinates take you seriously.
This will form a stronger level of trust.
Respect your subordinates - always recognize your subordinates' efforts and achievements. Educate your subordinates before enforcing rules - do not present them with any surprises. This can lead to problems in the future due to false communication. Listen to suggestions from your subordinates, even if you do not incorporate them.
Effects of Authoritarian Leadership Communication Styles: Long term use can cause resentment from subordinates.
Use this form of leadership sparingly and when absolutely necessary It has been found by researchers that these type of leaders lack creative problem solving skills Without proper instruction and understanding from subordinates, confusion may arise  Examples of Authoritarian Leaders[ edit ] Engelbert Dollfusschancellor of Austria from todestroyed the Austrian Republic and established an authoritarian regime based on conservative Roman Catholic and Italian Fascist principles.
In May when he became chancellor, Dollfuss headed a conservative coalition led by the Christian Social Party. When faced with a severe economic crisis caused by the Great Depression, Dollfuss decided against joining Germany in a customs union, a course advocated by many Austrians.
Severely criticized by Social Democrats, Pan-German nationalists, and Austrian Nazis, he countered by drifting toward an increasingly authoritarian regime. Italy guaranteed Austrian independence at Riccione Augustbut in return Austria had to abolish all political parties and reform its constitution on the Fascist model.
In foreign affairs he steered a course that converted Austria virtually into an Italian satellite state. With a new constitution of Mayhis regime became completely dictatorial.
In June, however, Germany incited the Austrian Nazis to civil war. Dollfuss was assassinated by the Nazis in a raid on the chancellery. For example, one might argue--controversially--that Martha Stewart had an authoritarian style.
She constructed her empire through her own special attention to every detail. She was meticulous, demanding, thorough and scrupulous. She flourished in her ventures and in using her authoritarian leadership style.
Authoritative is considered one of the most effective leadership styles in case there is some emergency and quick decisions need to be taken.
Bill Gates adopted this style and has steered Microsoft toward great success.
According to Bill Gates, he had a vision when he took reins of the company and then used all the resources available to make that vision a reality. In the personal computer workplace, many operating conditions call for urgent action, making this style of leadership effective.
While Gates does not exhibit this style consistently, his success can be judged by his decision making process and the growth of the computer industry in the world.
Retrievedfrom http: A Communication Perspective 5th ed. Retrieved November 15,from http: Theory x and theory y.Effective Leadership as Tool For Achieving Organisational Goals (A Case Study Of N.N.P.C.) Effective Leadership is a topic of great concern to managers, employers, and the general ph-vs.com leadership is essential to government, to business and to countless group and organizations that shapes the way which lives works and play.
Editor's note: This report was commissioned for the White House Conference on Bullying Prevention, which met on March 10, The conference brought together President Barack Obama and members of his cabinet, First Lady Michelle Obama, youth, parents, researchers, school officials, and other groups to craft a national strategy for reducing .
An authoritarian leadership style is exemplified when a leader dictates policies and procedures, decides what goals are to be achieved, and directs and controls all activities without any meaningful participation by the subordinates.
Such a leader has full control of the team, leaving low autonomy within the ph-vs.com leader has a vision in mind and must be able to effectively motivate their. Democratic leadership, also known as participative leadership or shared leadership, is a type of leadership style in which members of the group take a more participative role in the decision-making ph-vs.com type of leadership can apply to any organization, from private businesses to .
In response to the early criticisms of the trait approach, theorists began to research leadership as a set of behaviors, evaluating the behavior of successful leaders, determining a behavior taxonomy, and identifying broad leadership styles.
David McClelland, for example, posited that leadership takes a strong personality with a well . through the demands of the situation or the wishes of the group. Leadership may also be attempted, successful or effective. The leader may exercise authority as an attribute of formal.